Makkah adn Madina
Makkah and the Surrounding
The sites of Islamic history in Makkah tell the history of a great civilization that has spread to most parts of the world. It is still vibrant, full of memories of the past and anticipation for the future.
The towering mountains and distinctive valleys form the identity of Makkah Al-Mokarramah.
When you visit the museums in Makkah, you will hear, see and even touch the history and stories of the past. Shopping in the Holy City is a unique and distinctive experience. Shoppers can enjoy a variety of traditional and local markets as well as larger stores in shopping malls, each offering different products that supply Makkah as the annual destination for Muslims throughout the world.
Visitors should also make a point of seeing the famous clock Tower of Makkah, which has become a central landmark in the Holy City of Makkah Al-Mokarramah.
Al Madinah is the administrative center of the province as well as the most important Islamic city. It is a city of peace and tranquility and a place of numerous historical and archaeological sites, including those that stood during many historical battles. Madinah is rich with cultural heritage, museums, vast date palm groves and traditional old markets that stand side-by-side with the most modern of shopping malls and arcades.
The Holy Mosque of Prophet Mohammed
Any talk about the cultural movement and social, political and economic aspects in Medina must highlight the role of the Holy Mosque of Prophet Mohammed in the revitalization of those aspects. Since the Hijrah (migration) of Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) to Madinah, the first thing to do was to build the mosque and his house adjacent to it. Since that time even until the foundation of the Saudi state, the Prophet's Mosque is the life center for the residents of Madinah as a place containing their activities, a place for prayer, Daawah, education, Ifta, consultation, political agreements and battles.
The Mountain of Thour
It is located to the south of Makkah and it contains the cave where the Prophet Mohammad, (peace upon him), and his companion Abu-Bakr took refuge from the disbelievers during the migration to Madinah. “If you do not help him, Allah will help him as He helped him when he was driven out with other one (Abu Bakr) by the unbelievers. When the two were in the cave, he said to his companion, 'Do not sorrow, Allah is with us.”
The Mountain of Mercy
It is located to the east of Makkah in the Arafat area. This is the mountain on which the Prophet (peace be upon him), stood and delivered his famous farewell sermon (Khotbat Al-Wada’) during Hajjat Al-Wada, Prophet’s last pilgrimage.
The Museum of the Two Holy Mosques
If you want to learn more about the history of the Two Holy Mosques, make this museum your first destination.
It is the most important museum in the province due to its significant collections of documents, photographs and collectables that tell the stories of different periods of the history of the Two Holy Mosques. It consists of seven halls, each one specializing in certain exhibits.
The Kiswa (Covering) of Ka’aba Factory
The factory has been working on making the covering of the Ka’aba since in 1346 (AH) (1927 A.D.) when King Abdulaziz ordered that it be created. . The factory has been renovated, and it reopened in 1397 (AH) (1976 (A.D.) in Om Al-Jood in Makkah.
It has been equipped with modern machines for weaving Kiswa fabric, and the latest section of the automated fabric machines, while retaining the manual production style, due to its highly technical value. The factory is still keeping up with current advances while maintaining the manual ancient heritage to produce Kiswa at its best form.